Colorectal cancer is one of the top cancers in Arizona that can be detected early with proper screening. Most colorectal cancers start as non-cancerous polyps (fast growing cells that line the inside of the colon and may become cancer). A screening colonoscopy can find the polyps before they develop into cancer. If cancer is already present, early detection can increase chances of a full recovery.
Both men and women, who are 50 years of age or older, are recommended to have a colonoscopy screening.
Screening, Therapeutic and Surveillance Colonoscopy
As experts in our field, Pinnacle Colon and Rectal Surgeons perform colonoscopies for three main reasons; screening, therapeutic and surveillance.
A routine test for problems that can arise in the colon, even if no “symptoms” are present. A screening colonoscopy is the best method for early detection of polyps, colon cancer and other colorectal disorders. Early detection of colorectal disorders reduces the need for more complex procedures.
Frequently, polyps are removed and tested during this colonoscopy, a major step towards the prevention of colon cancer. Polyps are of the colon or rectum and are a common condition, affecting 15 to 20 percent of the adult population. According to the American Cancer Society, the number of deaths from colorectal cancer has decreased over the past 20 years, primarily due to the increased number of screenings and polyp removal.
Performed to treat a known problem, such as cancer, polyps, or bleeding. A biopsy (tissue sample) is taken with tiny forceps that grab and trap small pieces of tissue. Polyps may be removed with a wire snare or forceps. For bleeding, your doctor may seal off the bleeding site by injecting medication, heat treatment, or clipping the bleeding site.
Involves follow-up monitoring for patients with a history of colon polyps, cancer or inflammatory bowel disease.
Most colonoscopies are outpatient procedures with minimal inconvenience and discomfort. Normally, sedation is given for the exam unless requested otherwise by you, the patient. Because of the sedation, you will need someone to drive you home after the exam.
For more information, please use the following link: Colon Cancer Screening